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Artificial Intelligence

A Beginner’s Guide to Artificial Intelligence AI

Jonathan Meagher

December 15, 2022

AI, or artificial intelligence, has become a buzzword in recent years. But what is AI, and how does it work?

At its core, business intelligence artificial intelligence is the ability of a machine or computer program to mimic intelligent human behavior. This can include tasks such as understanding natural language, recognizing images, making decisions, and solving problems.

Main Types Of AI


There are two main types of AI: narrow, or weak, AI and general, or strong, AI.

  • Narrow AI is designed to perform a specific task, such as playing a game of chess or driving a car. It is trained to do this specific task and cannot learn or adapt to other tasks.
  • On the other hand, general AI is more flexible and adaptable. It can learn and adapt to new situations and tasks like humans. This type of AI is still in the realm of science fiction, and is not yet possible with current technology.


One way that AI can mimic human behavior is through the use of machine learning algorithms. These algorithms allow a machine to learn from data, and improve its performance on a specific task over time. For example, a machine learning algorithm might be trained to recognize images of dogs. It would do this by being fed a large dataset of images of dogs and would learn to recognize the common features of a dog (such as four legs, a tail, and ears) in order to correctly identify new images as being of a dog.

Another way that AI can mimic human behavior is through the use of artificial neural networks. These computer systems are useful to mimic how the human brain processes information. They comprise many interconnected nodes, or “neurons,” that can process and transmit information.

Challenges in AI

One of the biggest challenges in AI is to get a machine to understand natural language, or the way that humans communicate with each other using words and sentences. Natural language processing, or NLP, is a subfield of artificial intelligence that focuses on this challenge. It involves developing algorithms and systems that can understand and generate human language.

Despite the impressive progress that has been made in AI in recent years, there is still a long way to go. General AI, or strong AI, remains a distant dream. You have to address many challenges and ethical considerations in the development of AI.

Important Aspects Of Artificial Intelligence

In addition to the types and techniques of artificial intelligence mentioned above, there are several other important aspects of AI that are worth mentioning.

One of these is the concept of “explainability” in AI. As artificial intelligence technology solutions become more complex and are beneficial for a wider range of applications. It becomes increasingly important for them to explain their decisions and actions to humans. This is necessary not only for understanding how the AI system works but also for building trust and ensuring that the AI system is making ethical and fair decisions.
Another important aspect of artificial intelligence is the issue of bias. This can lead to unfair and discriminatory outcomes and is a major concern in the development of AI. In order to create AI that is both fair and ethical, it is essential that you must train systems using representative data.

Impact of Artificial Intelligence

Finally, the potential impact of AI on society and the economy is a topic of much debate and discussion. On the one hand, artificial intelligence has the potential to revolutionize many industries and create new job opportunities. On the other hand, there are concerns that artificial intelligence could displace human workers and exacerbate inequality.


In conclusion, AI is a rapidly-evolving field with many exciting developments and potential applications. However, you must also address many challenges and ethical considerations. This is necessary to promote AI’s ethical and lawful growth and application. Anybody interested in artificial intelligence (AI) has to have a firm grasp of the fundamentals of the discipline, including the challenges of explainability, bias, and effect.

About The Author

Jonathan Meagher

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